The millets are small-grained cereals and are the staple food of the millions in the world.
Cultivated in most of the Asian and African countries and parts of Europe.
Millets occupy a significant place in the world food and economy and also a staple diet for nearly 1/3rd of the world’s population.
The grains of millets is nutritionally superior to rice and wheat. And also a rich source of proteins, minerals, and vitamins.
Possess certain biological properties such as antibacterial, antitoxic, and anti-inflammatory activities.
Moreover, these millets promote better health and well-being, thus helping to reduce the risk of chronic illnesses.
Millet Health Benefits includes
Millets have high antioxidants, which neutralize the actions of free radicals.
Provide a high amount of phenol, tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids, and saponins.
One of the important millet health benefits is improving metabolic activities in the body.
Research studies show saponins in millets possess anti-carcinogenic properties, immune modulation activities and helps in the regulation of cell proliferation.
Millet health benefits include functioning as powerful antioxidants, free radical scavengers, and metal chelators.
Furthermore, prevent damage of cellular constituents, including DNA, proteins and lipids membranes from free radicals.
Another major millet health benefits are acting as a cholesterol-lowering agent.
The high-crude fiber in the millets may enhance their digestibility and also aid the peristaltic movement of the intestinal tract.
Moreover, millets are healthy sources of carbohydrates for persons with insulin sensitivity or diabetes.
Millets carry large quantities of phenolics and other compounds which prevent deterioration of human health.
Consuming millet significantly lower triglycerides and levels of C-reactive protein. Maybe useful in preventing cardiovascular disease.
Specific Millet Health Benefits
Finger millet has a high content of calcium (0.38%), dietary fiber (18%) and phenolic compounds.
Finger millet and Rajmah (a type of bean) have the highest antioxidant activity among various pulses, legumes, and cereals.
In recent research studies show, foxtail millet reduced a significant fall (70%) in blood glucose.
Moreover, foxtail millet significantly lower levels of triglycerides, and LDL, while increasing HDL.
Malting millet increases the bioaccessibility of iron (> 300%) and manganese (17%), and calcium.
Also used as weaning foods for infants and as easily-digested foods for the aged people.
The foxtail millet has maximum protein content (305.76 mg/g) and the khodomillet has maximum crude fiber content which enhances the digestibility.
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