Mustard is a plant species belonging to the family Brassicaceae.
The seeds of mustard is an essential spice in Indian cuisine.
Surprisingly, few people use mustard seed oil for cooking purpose.
Mustard: A Brief History
Primary mustard varieties are mild white mustard, oriental mustard, and black mustard.
Oriental mustard is initially seen in the foothills of the Himalaya, and are raised commercially in India, Canada, Denmark, and the United States.
In Europe, the cultivation of white mustard is quite like a cover crop.
Moreover, the origin for the wild variety of mustard is west Asia and Europe.
From 2500–1700 BCE, mustard was cultivated in the Indus valley civilization.
A few Sumerian records of mustard use dates back to 3000 BC.
Health Benefits Of Mustard
Allyl isothiocyanate(AITC) is a promising cancer preventive agent and naturally occurring isothiocyanates.
AITC is abundantly present in mustard, horseradish, wasabi, and in many common cruciferous vegetables.
Specifically, it is the reason for the tart flavor of vegetables.
Furthermore, recent studies show AITC in mustard selectively targets human bladder cancer cells and potently inhibits bladder cancer development and cancer invasion.
Another significant health benefits of mustard are acting as a promising agent for bladder cancer prevention and treatment.
Moreover, AITC significantly inhibits bladder cancer growth by induction of apoptosis.
Health Benefits Of Mustard As Anti-microbial agent
Mustard seeds have a broad range of antimicrobial and antifungal properties.
Similarly, Isothiocyanates present in mustard cause the inactivation of intracellular proteins of microorganisms and negatively influence their development.
A 2011 study showed mustard had higher antibacterial effects against E. coli and lowered the mesophilic bacteria growth.
Another significant health benefits of mustard are lowering the lipid oxidation and increase antibacterial effects against harmful bacteria.
Treatment of Eye Disorder
Carotenoids such as β-carotene possess provitamin A activity have the beneficial impact on eye health.
Similarly, mustard leaves possess high β-carotene which is helpful in the treatment of eye-related diseases.
Moreover, provitamin A activity of mustard is beneficial for eye health.
Health Benefits Of Mustard As an Anti-oxidative Agent
Mustard leaves have the highest antioxidant capacity.
As an antioxidant agent, mustard protects the cells from the destruction created by the free radicals.
Moreover, the beneficial effects of mustard include prevention of recurring conditions, such as heart diseases, cancer, and cataracts.
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Leafy green vegetable benefits by offering a rich source of a number of micronutrients and other phytochemicals. Moreover, these green vegetables are rich in nutritional value